Bamboo as a traded commodity has excellent potential to contribute to inclusive development, foreign trade balance as well as in building resilience in the context of climate change. As the domestic bamboo production area and the productivity have been on the decline, alternate strategies for augmentation of domestic bamboo production have been contemplated in the domain. The paper reviews the potential roles of agroforestry in enhancing domestic bamboo production and discusses about the productivity of different bamboo incorporated agroforestry models along with potentials for trade in the domestic as well as in international markets.